Intelligent Transportation Systems
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) are a combination of information and communication technology with transport infrastructure and vehicles which aim at improving the safety, increasing the efficiency of transport processes and the environment protection. ITS improve conditions for multimodal travelling, dealing with private and public means of road, sea and air transport.
The use of ITS is a good price and easier method to improve the communication conditions than the communication infrastructure extension in its current form.
ITS are to improve the effectiveness of the communication network and ensure the safety of road users. The use of ITS has a neutral impact on the environment. The priority is to reduce exhaust emissions – it lowers the CO2 concentration in densely populated urban centers through efficient traffic management. Intelligent transport systems include, among others, solutions concerning public transport management, introduction of pay zones in city centers and compliance with traffic regulations.
ITS solutions can be designed according to one’s needs – some cities focus on improving the public transport traffic, others – on the improvement of information about the traffic situation or on the road infrastructure protection against heavy vehicles traffic and overloaded vehicles. Cities and road authorities are interested in electronic speed measurement and the so called enforcement of correct behavior on the roads and intersections.
An efficient transport system has a direct impact on the lower number on accidents, it reduces travel time and exhaust emissions. Improving traffic through ITS is undoubtedly beneficial. In the systems currently implemented in order to improve public transport traffic and the domestic traffic such benefits have been achieved and the city dwellers notice them.
Benefits of Intelligent Transportation Systems:
- Increasing the capacity of the road network by 20-25%
- Improving road safety (reducing the number of accidents by 40-80%)
- Reducing travel time and energy consumption (by 45-70%)
- Improving environmental conditions (reduction of exhaust emissions by 30-50%)
- Improved travel comfort and traffic conditions for drivers and pedestrians
- Reduction of costs of road fleet management
- Reduction of costs related to roads maintenance and renovation
- Increasing the economic benefits in the area (economic growth)